Independent Force

Independent Force

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In late 1916 and early 1917 the Royal Naval Air Service bombed Imperial Germany and whilst the attacks were not greatly successful they proved that targets could be reached inside enemy territory. When the Germans in turn started to bomb London in 1917, public opinion began to call for revenge attacks and plans were put in place. The Army and Navy for their part, wanted a resumption of attacks on Germany's war industries. General Smuts, a member of the War Cabinet, prepared a report whose main thrust was that a separate Air Ministry and Air Force should be set up, independent of the Army and Navy and that a strategic bomber force should be formed within this force, whose sole purpose was to attack Germany. Parliament approved in November 1917 and eventually the RAF was born in April 1918, and on 6 June the Independent Force was officially formed. Never before has a history of this force been written and Keith Rennles has patiently researched all documentary evidence and reports to piece together the day by-day record of the IF'S achievements and the tremendous contribution of its pilots and personnel. This is their story. Includes rare photographs. Essential reference for any student of 55, 99, 104 and 110 Squadrons.Lt L.D.Merrill 2Lt B.F.Ross 2Lt L.G.Hall Formation 2 Capt E. J. Garland Lt J.H. Cuthbertson Lt A.Hemingway Lt ... Sgt D.Steward 2Lt E.D.Barnes 2Lt D.R.Hoon Lt L.R.Chandler Lt C.E.Bellord D3245 photo machine missing/returned rete/t crash landed rete/t ... Engine trouble was to claim two more machines both landing safely back at Azelot at 09.40 and 09.45, flown by Lts ... Captain Leiper then realised that the weather conditions were against them and signalled a wash-out for the raid.

Title:Independent Force
Author: Keith Rennles
Publisher:Grub Street the Basement - 2002

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